Swine flu is infection of the respiratory system caused by influenza viruses. These viruses also infect the respiratory system of pigs causing barking cough, decrease in appetite, nasal secretions, and listless behavior. Influenza viruses can also be transmitted to humans. Swine flu viruses can induce genetic changes or mutations so that these are easily transmissible among humans. In April 2009, swine flu outbreak was first detected in Mexico and was caused due to the H1N1 virus.
Symptoms of swine flu infection in humans are similar to influenza infection; these include cough, nasal secretions, headache, fatigue, and fever (temp. 100 °F or higher). The gestation period of the disease is around one to four days. Swine flu can be transmitted from the day before the signs develop and can also transmit within five to seven days after signs develop. Some patients might be able to transmit for an extended time span. The disease lasts for about three to seven days, while severe infections could last for nearly nine to ten days. Vaccination is the best way to prevent the disease.
Influenza vaccine makes a significant division of global vaccine market. Rising awareness about influenza A (swine flu, H1N1) epidemic in 2009 and rise in health responsiveness in developing nations have played an important role in identifying the dynamics of the global influenza market. Trivalent flu vaccine protect against influenza B (H3N2) and influenza A viruses (H1N1). After Trivalent flu vaccine quadrivalent vaccines offered, which comprise two influenza B strains along with the standard two influenza A strains (H3N2 and H1N1).
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The two influenza B strains offer safety against both types of B families, which spread in varying proportions. The quadrivalent flu vaccine is developed to defend against four unlike flu viruses, for two influenza A viruses and two influenza B viruses, comprised one influenza B virus, an influenza A H3N2 virus, and an influenza A H1N1 virus. The research scientists in the novel study were capable to formulate a vaccine which formed antibodies from the stem cells. These vaccines were successful among diverse laboratory animals including monkeys, ferrets, and mice and secured against flu strains like H1N1 (swine flu) and H5N1 avian flu. Scientists are a step closer to develop a common flu vaccine to defend against all strains of the virus.
Governmental initiatives and increase in awareness about swine flu are the major drivers of the swine flu vaccine market. This is expected to encourage market players to gain a better understanding of the regulatory framework, product pricing, marketing, technological innovations, and market dynamics.
The global swine flu vaccine market can be segmented based on type of delivery device, route of administration, end-user, and region. In terms of type of delivery device, the global swine flu vaccine market can be classified into syringes, jet injectors, and other devices. Based on route of administration, the global swine flu market can be categorized into intradermal vaccination, intramuscular vaccination, subcutaneous vaccination, and other vaccinations. In terms of end-user, the market can be divided into hospital pharmacies, retail pharmacies, online pharmacies, and clinic & vaccination centers. Based on region, the global global swine flu vaccine market can be segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa.
Key players operating in the global swine flu vaccine market are Novartis AG, CSL Limited, Zydus Cadila, AstraZeneca plc, Medimmune, GlaxoSmithKline plc. , Sanofi SA, Baxter, and Sinovac Biotech Ltd.
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